This survey located 51 archaeological
sites, almost all of which are situated on the island's coastline. Very
few sites were found in the interior of the island, since this area
was, until recent construction and drainage projects there, made up
of low-lying, inter-tidal sand flats.
The sites consist largely of surface features, such as hearths, structures, and middens, as well as artefact scatters, primarily of pottery and flint. Analysis of pottery scatters within and around each site by Dr. Robert Carter has given some interesting indications. One site yielded pottery of the 'Ubaid period (that is, the sixth and fifth millennia BC). Three other sites produced pottery suggestive of the Late Pre-Islamic, or Early Islamic, periods (the fifth to eighth centuries AD). Since 28 of the 29 sites with pottery scatters produced sherds of Late Islamic date, the majority of human activity on the island is likely to date to between the fourteenth century and the arrival of oil-based industrial development in the UAE in the 1950s.
Hellyer, P. and D.J. Hull. 2002. The Archaeology of Abu Al Abyad, pp.17-38, in R.J. Perry, (ed.), The Island of Abu Al Abyad, ERWDA, Abu Dhabi. 140 pp. ISBN 9948-406-19-05.
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Hull, D. and S. Rowland. 2003. A Survey of the Island of Abu'l-Abyadh, United Arab Emirates. Antiquity 77 (No.295) March 2003.