The most western fossiliferous locality in the Emirate. It is about 60 metres in height and its southern flank slopes towards the main east-west road linking Abu Dhabi with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabi at As Sila. Most fossils have been found on its seaward facing slopes and cliffs. Part of the seacliff contains the type section of the Baynunah Formation (Whybrow, 1989; Whybrow et al., 1999).
Barakah was first visited by ARAMCO geologists Holm & Layne in 1949; then by Glennie and Evamy during the early 1960's; by Whybrow in 1979, 1981 and 1984, and by Hill in 1984. In 1996 most of Barakah had been fenced and trees and shrubs planted within a large compound. In 2001 a large area near the summit of Barkah had been levelled, possibly for the erection of a new microwave tower.
Site B1 (N 24 00' 24.9" E 52 19' 48.6")
On the top of the jebel there used to be a UAE Trignometrical Station (G 111 at 63 metres; UK Ministry of Defence Survey Map, 1:100,000, NG-39-159, 1988).
Site B2 (N 24 00' 13.6" E 52 19' 35.5")
Material from the most western part of the jebel and its northern slopes leading to the sea cliff bench. Nearby is a United States Marines survey point, labelled Alpha-1 1990 (a marker placed by the US Marines to demarcate part of Sabkha Matti and the area subsequently used for practise amphibious landings 1991. Most fossils from Jebel Barakah, such as Hexaprotodon aff. sahabiensis (see Gentry, 1999a) were collected from this area. From this site, Kingston (1999) collected palaeosoil samples.
is on the cliff face from which samples for magnetostratigraphic studies were taken (Hailwood and Whybrow, 1999). From near B3 Kingston (1998) collected palaeosoil samples. Slightly west of this site is believed to be the location of the "Mastodon" tooth found in the 1960's by Glennie and Evamy (1968). Likewise, David Holm (pers.com. Whybrow, 1980's) indicated that he had measured the sea cliff exposures near to Site B3.
Site B4 (N 24 00' 23.6" E 52 19' 37.3")
lies between the foot and the top of the jebel itself. Fragments of catfish collected and, from a carbonate clay, ostracods of the genus Cyprideis sp.
The southern parts of the jebel slope gently towards the main road over a distance of about 1k. Here much eroded Miocene material has accumulated and the bedrock lies deep. In 1994, during a visit by the Emirates Natural History Group, the young son of a member found the broken, edentulous jaw of a Stegotetrabelodon syrticus (see Tassy, 1999). In 1995 Valerie Whybrow found part of the missing ramus some 100 metres down slope from the 1994 find. This has been the only fossil so far found on the southern slopes of Barakah.
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